Title: Decreased c-Myc mRNA Stability via the MicroRNA 141-3p/AUF1 Axis Is Crucial for p63α Inhibition of Cyclin D1 Gene Transcription and Bladder Cancer Cell Tumorigenicity.
Authors: Li, Xin; Tian, Zhongxian; Jin, Honglei; Xu, Jiheng; Hua, Xiaohui; Yan, Huiying; Liufu, Huating; Wang, Jingjing; Li, Jingxia; Zhu, Junlan; Huang, Haishan; Huang, Chuanshu
Published In Mol Cell Biol, (2018 11 01)
Abstract: Bladder cancer (BC) ranks as the sixth most common cancer in the United States and is the leading cause of death in patients with urinary malignancies. p63 is a member of the p53 family and is believed to function as a tumor suppressor in human BCs. Our most recent studies revealed a previously unknown function of the RING of XIAP in promoting microRNA 4295 (miR-4295) transcription, thereby reducing p63α protein translation and enhancing normal urothelial transformation, whereas p63α upregulates hsp70 transcription, subsequently activating the HSP70/Wasf3/Wave3/matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) axis and promoting BC cell invasion via initiating the transcription factor E2F1. In this study, we found that p63α inhibited cyclin D1 protein expression, subsequently decreasing the ability of BC cell anchorage-independent growth in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo Mechanistic studies demonstrated that p63α expression is able to downregulate cyclin D1 gene transcription through attenuation of c-Myc mRNA stability. We further show that the reduction of miR-141-3p expression by p63α directly releases its inhibition of 3' untranslated region (UTR) activity of AU-rich element RNA-binding factor 1 (AUF1) mRNA, thereby increasing AUF1 protein translation and further resulting in degradation of c-Myc mRNA, which, in turn, reduces cyclin D1 gene transcription and BC cell anchorage-independent growth. Collectively, our results demonstrate that p63α is a negative regulator of BC cell tumorigenic growth, a distinctly different function than its promotion of BC invasion, thus providing further new insight into the "two faces" of p63α in regulation of BC cell tumorigenic growth and progression/invasion.
PubMed ID: 30104251
MeSH Terms: 3' Untranslated Regions/genetics; Animals; Carcinogenesis/genetics*; Cell Line; Cell Line, Tumor; Cell Proliferation/genetics; Cyclin D1/genetics*; Down-Regulation/genetics; Female; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics; HEK293 Cells; Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein D/genetics; Humans; Mice; Mice, Nude; MicroRNAs/genetics; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/genetics*; RNA Stability/genetics*; RNA, Messenger/genetics; Transcription Factors/genetics*; Transcription, Genetic/genetics*; Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics*; Up-Regulation/genetics; Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics*