Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Dopamine receptors and BDNF-haplotypes predict dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease.

Authors: Kusters, Cynthia D J; Paul, Kimberly C; Guella, Ilaria; Bronstein, Jeff M; Sinsheimer, Janet S; Farrer, Matt J; Ritz, Beate R

Published In Parkinsonism Relat Disord, (2018 02)

Abstract: Dyskinesia is a known side-effect of the treatment of Parkinson's Disease (PD). We examined the influence of haplotypes in three dopamine receptors (DRD1, DRD2 and DRD3) and the Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) on dyskinesia.Patient data were drawn from a population-based case-control study. We included 418 patients with confirmed diagnoses by movement disorder specialists, using levodopa and a minimum three years disease duration at the time of assessment. Applying Haploview and Phase, we created haploblocks for DRD1-3 and BDNF. Risk scores for DRD2 and DRD3 were generated. We calculated risk ratios using Poisson regression with robust error variance.There was no difference in dyskinesia prevalence among carriers of various haplotypes in DRD1. However, one haplotype in each DRD2 haploblocks was associated with a 29 to 50% increase in dyskinesia risk. For each unit increase in risk score, we observed a 16% increase in dyskinesia risk for DRD2 (95%CI: 1.05-1.29) and a 17% (95%CI: 0.99-1.40) increase for DRD3. The BDNF haploblock was not associated, but the minor allele of the rs6265 SNP was associated with dyskinesia (adjusted RR 1.31 (95%CI: 1.01-1.70)).Carriers of DRD2 risk haplotypes and possibly the BDNF variants rs6265 and DRD3 haplotypes, were at increased risk of dyskinesia, suggesting that these genes may be involved in dyskinesia related pathomechanisms. PD patients with these genetic variants might be prime candidates for treatments aiming to prevent or delay the onset of dyskinesia.

PubMed ID: 29191473 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Aged; Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/genetics*; Case-Control Studies; Community Health Planning; Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced/etiology; Dyskinesia, Drug-Induced/genetics*; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Genetic Association Studies; Haplotypes; Humans; Levodopa/adverse effects; Male; Middle Aged; Parkinson Disease/drug therapy; Parkinson Disease/genetics*; Receptors, Dopamine/genetics*; Retrospective Studies

to Top