Title: Applications of Out of Body Lung Perfusion.
Authors: Zhu, Bing; Suzuki, Yoshikazu; DiSanto, Thomas; Rubin, Samantha; Penfil, Zachary; Pietrofesa, Ralph A; Chatterjee, Shampa; Christofidou-Solomidou, Melpo; Cantu, Edward
Published In Acad Radiol, (2019 03)
Abstract: Out of body organ perfusion is a concept that has been around for a long time. As technology has evolved, so have the systems available for out of body perfusion making whole organ preservation for extended evaluation, resuscitation, and discovery routine.Clinical use of ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) systems has continued to expand as evidence has accumulated to suggest EVLP transplants experience similar mortality, ICU length of stay, length of mechanical ventilation, hospital length of stay, and rates of primary graft dysfunction as conventional lung transplants. In 2017, more lung transplants were performed than any previous year in the US history.Early success of EVLP has motivated groups to evaluate additional donor types and methods for expanding the donor pool. The ability to keep a lung alive in a physiologically neutral environment opens the ability to better understand organ quality, define pathophysiology in certain disease conditions, and provides a platform for interventions to prevent or repair injury.The next several years will usher in significant changes in understanding and interventions focused on lung injury. This manuscript highlights applications of EVLP to clarify how this system can be used for basic and translational research.
PubMed ID: 30054193
MeSH Terms: Extracorporeal Circulation*; Humans; Lung Transplantation*; Lung/physiology*; Organ Preservation/methods*; Perfusion/methods*; Translational Medical Research