Title: Pravastatin for Primary Prevention in Older Adults: Restricted Mean Survival Time Analysis.
Authors: Orkaby, Ariela R; Rich, Michael W; Sun, Ryan; Lux, Eliah; Wei, Lee-Jen; Kim, Dae Hyun
Published In J Am Geriatr Soc, (2018 10)
Abstract: To use restricted mean survival time, which summarizes treatment effects in terms of event-free time over a fixed time period, to evaluate the benefit of pravastatin therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in older adults.Secondary analysis of the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial-Lipid-Lowering Trial (ALLHAT-LLT).Ambulatory setting.Individuals aged 65 and older (mean aged 71, 49% female) free of cardiovascular disease (N=2,867).Pravastatin 40 mg/d (n=1,467) versus usual care (n=1,400).We estimated the difference in RMST for total and coronary heart disease (CHD)-free survival between the pravastatin and usual care groups over the 6-year trial period and used parametric survival models to estimate RMST differences projected over 10 years.Over 6 years, individuals treated with pravastatin lived (RMST 2,008.1 days), on average, 33.7 fewer days than those receiving usual care (RMST 2,041.8 days) (difference -33.7 days, 95% confidence interval (CI)=-67.0 to -0.5 days, p=.047). Pravastatin-treated individuals lived RMST 2,088.1 days), on average, 18.7 more days free of CHD over 6 years than those receiving usual care (RMST 2,069.4 days), but this difference was not statistically significant (difference 18.7 days, 95% CI=-10.4-47.8 days, p=.21). The 10-year projection showed that pravastatin-treated individuals would live 108.1 fewer days (95% CI=-204.5 to -14.1, p=.03) than those receiving usual care, although treated individuals would gain 77.9 days (95% CI=3.8-159.6, p=.046) of CHD-free survival.RMST provides an intuitive and explicit way to express the effect of pravastatin therapy on CHD-free and overall survival in older adults free of cardiovascular disease. This measure allows a more personalized interpretation than hazard ratios of the benefits and risks of a medical intervention for decision-making.
PubMed ID: 30251369
MeSH Terms: Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Anticholesteremic Agents/administration & dosage*; Coronary Disease/mortality*; Coronary Disease/prevention & control*; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Pravastatin/administration & dosage*; Primary Prevention/methods; Primary Prevention/statistics & numerical data*; Proportional Hazards Models; Survival Rate; Time Factors; Treatment Outcome