Title: Within-subject effects of environmental and social stressors on pre- and post-partum obesity-related biobehavioral responses in low-income Hispanic women: protocol of an intensive longitudinal study.
Authors: O'Connor, Sydney G; Habre, Rima; Bastain, Theresa M; Toledo-Corral, Claudia M; Gilliland, Frank D; Eckel, Sandrah P; Cabison, Jane; Naya, Christine H; Farzan, Shohreh F; Chu, Daniel; Chavez, Thomas A; Breton, Carrie V; Dunton, Genevieve F
Published In BMC Public Health, (2019 Feb 28)
Abstract: Disproportionately high rates of maternal overweight and obesity among the Hispanic population before, during, and after pregnancy pose serious health concerns for both mothers (e.g., preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, weight retention) and children (e.g., elevated lifelong obesity risk). A growing body of evidence implicates environmental exposures (e.g., air pollution, metals) and social stressors (e.g., poverty, violence) in contributing to obesity-related biobehavioral processes, such as physical activity, dietary intake, perceived stress, and cortisol regulation. However, current understanding of the role of environmental exposures and social stressors on obesity-related biobehavioral processes is limited by infrequent, inter-individual measurement, and lack of personal exposure monitoring.The "Maternal and Developmental Risks from Environmental and Social Stressors" (MADRES) real-time and personal sampling study examines the within-subject day-level effects of environmental and social stressors on maternal pre- and post-partum obesity-related biobehavioral responses. Among a cohort of 65 low-income, Hispanic women in urban Los Angeles, this study uses innovative personal, real-time data capture strategies (e.g., ecological momentary assessment [EMA], personal exposure monitoring, geolocation monitoring, accelerometry) to repeatedly assess obesity-related processes during the 1st and 3rd trimester, and at 4-6 months postpartum. Day-level effects of environmental exposures and social stressors on women's physical activity, diet, perceived stress and salivary cortisol measured across repeated days will be tested using multilevel modeling.Hispanic women of childbearing age bear a disproportionately high burden of obesity, and this population is also unduly exposed to numerous obesogenic settings. By using innovative real-time data capture strategies, the current study will uncover the daily impacts of environmental and social stressor exposures on women's obesity-related biobehavioral responses, which over time can lead to excessive gestational weight gain, postpartum weight retention and can pose serious consequences for both mother and child. Findings from the real-time and personal sampling study will identify key mechanistic targets for policy, clinical, and programmatic interventions, with the potential for broad-reaching public health impacts.
PubMed ID: 30819155
MeSH Terms: Adult; Exercise/psychology*; Female; Hispanic Americans/psychology*; Humans; Longitudinal Studies; Los Angeles; Mothers/psychology*; Mothers/statistics & numerical data; Obesity/etiology*; Obesity/psychology; Postpartum Period/psychology*; Poverty/psychology*; Poverty/statistics & numerical data; Pregnancy; Stress, Psychological/complications*; Weight Gain