Title: Elevated serum chemokines are independently associated with both endometriosis and uranium exposure.
Authors: Greene, Alexis D; Kendziorski, Jessica A; Buckholz, Jeanette M; Niu, Liang; Xie, Changchun; Pinney, Susan M; Burns, Katherine A
Published In Reprod Toxicol, (2019 03)
Abstract: Endometriosis is a complex disease impacted by the hormonal and immune systems. Cytokines and chemokines are serum biomarkers that maybe useful to develop a noninvasive disease diagnosis. Individuals in the Fernald Community Cohort were exposed to uranium, a heavy metal with radioactive properties and estrogenic potential; therefore, serum samples from women in this cohort with or without uranium and with or without endometriosis were compared for alterations in chemokine, cytokine, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) levels. Control women were matched to endometriosis cases by uranium exposure, age, and body mass index. MMP levels were not altered. Five chemokines and one cytokine significantly increased in endometriosis cases versus controls irrespective of uranium exposure. Uranium exposure alone was associated with an increase in inflammatory chemokines. The majority of the elevated chemokines in endometriosis cases play important roles in attracting T helper-2 cells, which may be vital to understanding the immune response in endometriosis.
PubMed ID: 30579999
MeSH Terms: Adult; Case-Control Studies; Chemokines/blood*; Endometriosis/blood*; Endometriosis/epidemiology; Female; Humans; Matrix Metalloproteinases/blood; Ohio/epidemiology; Radiation Exposure/adverse effects*; Radioactive Pollutants/toxicity*; Uranium/toxicity*