Title: Association of blood leukocyte DNA methylation at LINE-1 and growth-related candidate genes with pubertal onset and progression.
Authors: Wu, Yue; Peterson, Karen E; Sánchez, Brisa N; Dolinoy, Dana C; Mercado-Garcia, Adriana; Téllez-Rojo, Martha M; Goodrich, Jaclyn M
Published In Epigenetics, (2018)
Abstract: Puberty is a developmentally plastic phase. Variations in pubertal tempo have implications for the risk of later adult diseases. Influences on pubertal tempo have been widely discussed, but the underlying biological mechanisms remain unclear. Epigenetic modifications are known to regulate development processes; they could play an important role in affecting pubertal outcomes. We conducted a population-based analysis to investigate the association of peripubertal blood DNA methylation at LINE-1 and growth-related candidate genes with pubertal onset and progression in healthy adolescents. The analytic sample included 114 males and 129 females aged 10 to 18 years. DNA methylation at growth-related candidate loci IGF2, H19, HSD11B2, as well as LINE-1 repetitive elements were quantified. Cox survival and ordinal regression models were used to examine sex- and locus-specific associations of epigenetic markers with pubertal development using physician-assessed Tanner stages and self-reported menarche, adjusted for covariates. Among boys, DNA methylation at H19 was associated with later pubarche. HSD11B2 methylation was associated with earlier onset of pubic hair and genitalia development and slower pubertal progression. IGF2 was associated with later onset of genital development. Among girls, LINE-1 methylation was associated with later onset of breast development. For each percent increase of methylation at H19, there was 5% increased odds in the earlier onset of breast development. DNA methylation of IGF2 was associated with earlier onset of pubic hair. DNA methylation at genes known to influence early-life growth may also influence pubertal outcomes.
PubMed ID: 30582410
MeSH Terms: 11-beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase Type 2/genetics; Adolescent; DNA Methylation*; Female; Humans; Insulin-Like Growth Factor II/genetics; Leukocytes/metabolism; Long Interspersed Nucleotide Elements*; Male; Puberty/genetics*; Sexual Maturation/genetics