Title: Neuroprotective and Therapeutic Strategies for Manganese-Induced Neurotoxicity.
Authors: Marreilha Dos Santos, A P; Andrade, V; Aschner, M
Published In Clin Pharmacol Transl Med, (2017)
Abstract: Manganese (Mn) is an essential element required for growth, development and general maintenance of health. However, chronic or high occupational and environmental exposure to excessive levels of Mn has long been known to lead to a progressive neurological disorder similar to Parkinsonism. Manganism patients display a variety of symptoms, including mental, cognitive and behavioural impediments, as well as motor dysfunctions that are associated with basal ganglia dysfunction. Taking into account the pharmacokinetics and Mn-related toxicity mechanisms, several neuroprotective compounds and therapeutic approaches have been investigated to assess their efficacy in mitigating its neurotoxicity. Here, we will briefly address some of the toxic mechanisms of Mn, followed by neuroprotective strategies and therapeutic approaches aiming to reduce or treat Mn induced neurotoxicity. Natural and synthetic antioxidants, anti-inflammatory compounds, ATP/ADP ratio protectors and glutamate protectors have been introduced in view of decreasing Mn-induced neurotoxicity. In addition, the efficacy and mechanisms of several therapeutic interventions such as levodopa, ethylene-diamine-tetraacetic acid (EDTA) and para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS), aimed at ameliorating Mn neurotoxic symptoms in humans, will be reviewed.
PubMed ID: 30854510
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication