Title: Organization of DNA damage, excision repair, and mutagenesis in chromatin: A genomic perspective.
Authors: Mao, Peng; Wyrick, John J
Published In DNA Repair (Amst), (2019 09)
Abstract: Genomic DNA is constantly assaulted by both endogenous and exogenous damaging agents. The resulting DNA damage, if left unrepaired, can interfere with DNA replication and be converted into mutations. Genomic DNA is packaged into a highly compact yet dynamic chromatin structure, in order to fit into the limited space available in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. This hierarchical chromatin organization serves as both the target of DNA damaging agents and the context for DNA repair enzymes. Biochemical studies have suggested that both the formation and repair of DNA damage are significantly modulated by chromatin. Our understanding of the impact of chromatin on damage and repair has been significantly enhanced by recent studies. We focus on the nucleosome, the primary building block of chromatin, and discuss how the intrinsic structural properties of nucleosomes, and their associated epigenetic modifications, affect damage formation and DNA repair, as well as subsequent mutagenesis in cancer.
PubMed ID: 31307926
MeSH Terms: Chromatin/metabolism*; DNA Damage; DNA Repair*; DNA/metabolism; Euchromatin; Eukaryota/genetics; Eukaryota/metabolism; Heterochromatin; Humans; Mutagenesis; Mutation Rate