Title: Physiological Biomimetic Culture System for Pig and Human Heart Slices.
Authors: Ou, Qinghui; Jacobson, Zoë; Abouleisa, Riham R E; Tang, Xian-Liang; Hindi, Sajedah M; Kumar, Ashok; Ivey, Kathryn N; Giridharan, Guruprasad; El-Baz, Ayman; Brittian, Kenneth; Rood, Benjamin; Lin, Ying-Hsi; Watson, Samuel A; Perbellini, Filippo; McKinsey, Timothy A; Hill, Bradford G; Jones, Steven P; Terracciano, Cesare M; Bolli, Roberto; Mohamed, Tamer M A
Published In Circ Res, (2019 08 30)
Abstract: Preclinical testing of cardiotoxicity and efficacy of novel heart failure therapies faces a major limitation: the lack of an in situ culture system that emulates the complexity of human heart tissue and maintains viability and functionality for a prolonged time.To develop a reliable, easily reproducible, medium-throughput method to culture pig and human heart slices under physiological conditions for a prolonged period of time.Here, we describe a novel, medium-throughput biomimetic culture system that maintains viability and functionality of human and pig heart slices (300 µm thickness) for 6 days in culture. We optimized the medium and culture conditions with continuous electrical stimulation at 1.2 Hz and oxygenation of the medium. Functional viability of these slices over 6 days was confirmed by assessing their calcium homeostasis, twitch force generation, and response to β-adrenergic stimulation. Temporal transcriptome analysis using RNAseq at day 2, 6, and 10 in culture confirmed overall maintenance of normal gene expression for up to 6 days, while over 500 transcripts were differentially regulated after 10 days. Electron microscopy demonstrated intact mitochondria and Z-disc ultra-structures after 6 days in culture under our optimized conditions. This biomimetic culture system was successful in keeping human heart slices completely viable and functionally and structurally intact for 6 days in culture. We also used this system to demonstrate the effects of a novel gene therapy approach in human heart slices. Furthermore, this culture system enabled the assessment of contraction and relaxation kinetics on isolated single myofibrils from heart slices after culture.We have developed and optimized a reliable medium-throughput culture system for pig and human heart slices as a platform for testing the efficacy of novel heart failure therapeutics and reliable testing of cardiotoxicity in a 3-dimensional heart model.
PubMed ID: 31310161
MeSH Terms: Adult; Animals; Biomimetics/methods*; Female; Heart Ventricles/cytology; Heart Ventricles/ultrastructure*; Heart/physiology; Humans; Male; Metabolomics/methods; Middle Aged; Myocardium/cytology; Myocardium/ultrastructure; Organ Culture Techniques/methods; Swine; Transcriptome/physiology; Ventricular Function/physiology*