Title: Unlike the Escherichia coli counterpart, archaeal RNase HII cannot process ribose monophosphate abasic sites and oxidized ribonucleotides embedded in DNA.
Authors: Malfatti, Matilde Clarissa; Henneke, Ghislaine; Balachander, Sathya; Koh, Kyung Duk; Newnam, Gary; Uehara, Ryo; Crouch, Robert J; Storici, Francesca; Tell, Gianluca
Published In J Biol Chem, (2019 08 30)
Abstract: The presence of ribonucleoside monophosphates (rNMPs) in nuclear DNA decreases genome stability. To ensure survival despite rNMP insertions, cells have evolved a complex network of DNA repair mechanisms, in which the ribonucleotide excision repair pathway, initiated by type 2 RNase H (RNase HII/2), plays a major role. We recently demonstrated that eukaryotic RNase H2 cannot repair damage, that is, ribose monophosphate abasic (both apurinic or apyrimidinic) site (rAP) or oxidized rNMP embedded in DNA. Currently, it remains unclear why RNase H2 is unable to repair these modified nucleic acids having either only a sugar moiety or an oxidized base. Here, we compared the endoribonuclease specificity of the RNase HII enzymes from the archaeon Pyrococcus abyssi and the bacterium Escherichia coli, examining their ability to process damaged rNMPs embedded in DNA in vitro We found that E. coli RNase HII cleaves both rAP and oxidized rNMP sites. In contrast, like the eukaryotic RNase H2, P. abyssi RNase HII did not display any rAP or oxidized rNMP incision activities, even though it recognized them. Notably, the archaeal enzyme was also inactive on a mismatched rNMP, whereas the E. coli enzyme displayed a strong preference for the mispaired rNMP over the paired rNMP in DNA. On the basis of our biochemical findings and also structural modeling analyses of RNase HII/2 proteins from organisms belonging to all three domains of life, we propose that RNases HII/2's dual roles in ribonucleotide excision repair and RNA/DNA hydrolysis result in limited acceptance of modified rNMPs embedded in DNA.
PubMed ID: 31300556
MeSH Terms: DNA/metabolism*; Escherichia coli/metabolism*; HeLa Cells; Humans; Oxidation-Reduction; Ribonuclease H/metabolism*; Ribonucleotides/metabolism*; Ribosemonophosphates/metabolism*; Tumor Cells, Cultured