Title: Anthropometric Risk Factors for Cancers of the Biliary Tract in the Biliary Tract Cancers Pooling Project.
Authors: Jackson, Sarah S; Van Dyke, Alison L; Zhu, Bin; Pfeiffer, Ruth M; Petrick, Jessica L; Adami, Hans-Olov; Albanes, Demetrius; Andreotti, Gabriella; Beane Freeman, Laura E; Berrington de González, Amy; Buring, Julie E; Chan, Andrew T; Chen, Yu; Fraser, Gary E; Freedman, Neal D; Gao, Yu-Tang; Gapstur, Susan M; Gaziano, J Michael; Giles, Graham G; Grant, Eric J; Grodstein, Francine; Hartge, Patricia; Jenab, Mazda; Kitahara, Cari M; Knutsen, Synnove F; Koh, Woon-Puay; Larsson, Susanna C; Lee, I-Min; Liao, Linda M; Luo, Juhua; McGee, Emma E; Milne, Roger L; Monroe, Kristine R; Neuhouser, Marian L; O'Brien, Katie M; Peters, Ulrike; Poynter, Jenny N; Purdue, Mark P; Robien, Kim; Sandler, Dale P; Sawada, Norie; Schairer, Catherine; Sesso, Howard D; Simon, Tracey G; Sinha, Rashmi; Stolzenberg-Solomon, Rachael Z; Tsugane, Shoichiro; Wang, Renwei; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Weinstein, Stephanie J; White, Emily; Wolk, Alicja; Yuan, Jian-Min; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Anne; Zhang, Xuehong; McGlynn, Katherine A; Campbell, Peter T; Koshiol, Jill
Published In Cancer Res, (2019 08 01)
Abstract: Biliary tract cancers are rare but highly fatal with poorly understood etiology. Identifying potentially modifiable risk factors for these cancers is essential for prevention. Here we estimated the relationship between adiposity and cancer across the biliary tract, including cancers of the gallbladder (GBC), intrahepatic bile ducts (IHBDC), extrahepatic bile ducts (EHBDC), and the ampulla of Vater (AVC). We pooled data from 27 prospective cohorts with over 2.7 million adults. Adiposity was measured using baseline body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip, and waist-to-height ratios. HRs and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models adjusted for sex, education, race, smoking, and alcohol consumption with age as the time metric and the baseline hazard stratified by study. During 37,883,648 person-years of follow-up, 1,343 GBC cases, 1,194 EHBDC cases, 784 IHBDC cases, and 623 AVC cases occurred. For each 5 kg/m2 increase in BMI, there were risk increases for GBC (HR = 1.27; 95% CI, 1.19-1.36), IHBDC (HR = 1.32; 95% CI, 1.21-1.45), and EHBDC (HR = 1.13; 95% CI, 1.03-1.23), but not AVC (HR = 0.99; 95% CI, 0.88-1.11). Increasing waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio were associated with GBC and IHBDC but not EHBDC or AVC. These results indicate that adult adiposity is associated with an increased risk of biliary tract cancer, particularly GBC and IHBDC. Moreover, they provide evidence for recommending weight maintenance programs to reduce the risk of developing these cancers. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings identify a correlation between adiposity and biliary tract cancers, indicating that weight management programs may help minimize the risk of these diseases.
PubMed ID: 31113819
MeSH Terms: Anthropometry/methods*; Biliary Tract Neoplasms/epidemiology*; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors