Title: Emerging Lyngbya wollei toxins: A new high resolution mass spectrometry method to elucidate a potential environmental threat.
Authors: Smith, Meagan L; Westerman, Danielle C; Putnam, Samuel P; Richardson, Susan D; Ferry, John L
Published In Harmful Algae, (2019 12)
Abstract: Mass spectrometric methods for the quantitative and qualitative analyses of algal biotoxins are often complicated by co-eluting compounds that present analytically as interferences. This issue is particularly critical for organic polyamines, where co-eluting materials can suppress the formation of cations during electrospray ionization. Here we present an extraction procedure designed specifically to overcome matrix-derived ion suppression of algal toxins in samples of Lyngbya wollei, a filamentous benthic algae known to produce several saxitoxin analogues. Lyngbya wollei samples were collected from a large, persistent harmful algal bloom in Lake Wateree, SC. Six known Lyngbya wollei-specific toxins (LWT1-6) were successfully resolved and quantified against saxitoxin using hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The parent ions [M2+ - H+]+ were observed for LWTs 1-6 and the [M]2+ ion was observed for LWT5. High resolution mass spectra and unique fragmentation ions were obtained for LWTs 1-6. A dilution factor of 50 resulted in a linear calibration of saxitoxin in the algae matrix. Ion suppression was resolved by sample dilution, which led to linear, positive correlations between peak area and mass of the extracted sample (R2 > 0.96). Optimized sample extraction method and instrument parameters are presented.
PubMed ID: 31806161
MeSH Terms: Cyanobacteria*; Harmful Algal Bloom; Lyngbya Toxins*; Mass Spectrometry; Saxitoxin