Title: Atropselective Oxidation of 2,2',3,3',4,6'-Hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 132) to Hydroxylated Metabolites by Human Liver Microsomes and Its Implications for PCB 132 Neurotoxicity.
Authors: Uwimana, Eric; Cagle, Brianna; Yeung, Coby; Li, Xueshu; Patterson, Eric V; Doorn, Jonathan A; Lehmler, Hans-Joachim
Published In Toxicol Sci, (2019 Jul 03)
Abstract: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been associated with neurodevelopmental disorders. Several neurotoxic congeners display axial chirality and atropselectively affect cellular targets implicated in PCB neurotoxicity. Only limited information is available regarding the atropselective metabolism of these congeners in humans and their atropselective effects on neurotoxic outcomes. Here we investigate the hypothesis that the oxidation of 2,2',3,3',4,6'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB 132) by human liver microsomes (HLMs) and their effects on dopaminergic cells in culture are atropselective. Racemic PCB 132 was incubated with pooled or single donor HLMs, and levels and enantiomeric fractions of PCB 132 and its metabolites were determined gas chromatographically. The major metabolite was either 2,2',3,4,4',6'-hexachlorobiphenyl-3'-ol (3'-140), a 1,2-shift product, or 2,2',3,3',4,6'-hexachlorobiphenyl-5'-ol (5'-132). The PCB 132 metabolite profiles displayed inter-individual differences and depended on the PCB 132 atropisomer. Computational studies suggested that 3'-140 is formed via a 3,4-arene oxide intermediate. The second eluting atropisomer of PCB 132, first eluting atropisomer of 3'-140, and second eluting atropisomer of 5'-132 were enriched in all HLM incubations. Enantiomeric fractions of the PCB 132 metabolites differed only slightly between the single donor HLM preparations investigated. Reactive oxygen species and levels of dopamine and its metabolites were not significantly altered after a 24 h exposure of dopaminergic cells to pure PCB 132 atropisomers. These findings suggest that there are inter-individual differences in the atropselective biotransformation of PCB 132 to its metabolites in humans; however, the resulting atropisomeric enrichment of PCB 132 is unlikely to affect neurotoxic outcomes associated with the endpoints investigated in the study.
PubMed ID: 31268529
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication