Title: Length of gestation and birth weight are associated with indices of combined kidney biomarkers in early childhood.
Authors: Levin-Schwartz, Yuri; Curtin, Paul; Svensson, Katherine; Fernandez, Nicolas F; Kim-Schulze, Seunghee; Hair, Gleicy M; Flores, Daniel; Pantic, Ivan; Tamayo-Ortiz, Marcela; Luisa Pizano-Zárate, María; Gennings, Chris; Satlin, Lisa M; Baccarelli, Andrea A; Tellez-Rojo, Martha M; Wright, Robert O; Sanders, Alison P
Published In PLoS One, (2019)
Abstract: Infants born prematurely or with low birth weights are more susceptible to kidney dysfunction throughout their lives. Multiple proteins measured in urine are noninvasive biomarkers of subclinical kidney damage, but few studies have examined the joint effects of multiple biomarkers. We conducted an exploratory study of 103 children in the Programing Research in Obesity, Growth, Environment, and Social Stressors (PROGRESS) longitudinal birth cohort, and measured nine proteins selected a priori in banked spot urine samples collected at ages 4-6. The goal of our study was to explore the combined effects of kidney damage biomarkers previously associated with birth outcomes. To do this, we generated kidney biomarker indices using weighted quantile sum regression and assessed associations with length of gestation or birth weight. A decile increase in each kidney biomarker index was associated with 2-day shorter gestations (β = -2.0, 95% CI: -3.2, -0.9) and 59-gram lower birth weights (β = -58.5, 95% CI: -98.3, -18.7), respectively. Weights highlighting the contributions showed neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) (60%) and osteopontin (19%) contributed most to the index derived for gestational age. NGAL (66%) and beta-2-microglobulin (10%) contributed most to the index derived for birth weight. Joint analyses of multiple kidney biomarkers can provide integrated measures of kidney dysfunction and improved statistical assessments compared to biomarkers assessed individually. Additionally, shorter gestations and lower birth weights may contribute to subclinical kidney damage measurable in childhood.
PubMed ID: 31891650
MeSH Terms: Biomarkers/urine; Birth Weight*; Child; Child, Preschool; Early Diagnosis; Female; Gestational Age*; Humans; Infant, Premature*; Kidney Diseases/diagnosis*; Kidney Diseases/urine; Longitudinal Studies; Male; Mexico