Title: Conceptualizing Health Behaviors as Acute Mood-Altering Agents: Implications for Cancer Control.
Authors: Dunton, Genevieve F; Kaplan, Jonas T; Monterosso, John; Pang, Raina D; Mason, Tyler B; Kirkpatrick, Matthew G; Eckel, Sandrah P; Leventhal, Adam M
Published In Cancer Prev Res (Phila), (2020 04)
Abstract: A massive portion of cancer burden is accounted for by a small collection of highly prevalent cancer risk behaviors (e.g., low physical activity, unhealthy diet, and tobacco use). Why people engage in numerous types of cancer risk behaviors and fail to adopt various cancer prevention behaviors has been poorly understood. In this commentary, we propose a novel scientific framework, which argues that a common affective (i.e., emotion based) mechanism underpins a diversity of such cancer risk and prevention behaviors. The scientific premise is that cancer risk and prevention behaviors produce immediate and robust changes in affective states that are translated into motivations and drives, which promote further pursuit of risk behaviors or avoidance of prevention behaviors. After describing the conceptual and scientific basis for this framework, we then propose central research questions that can address the validity and utility of the framework. Next, we selectively review and integrate findings on the mood-altering effects of various cancer risk and prevention behaviors from the addiction science, exercise science, and behavioral nutrition literatures, focusing on the nature and phenomenology of behavior-elicited mood changes and their value for predicting future behavior change. We conclude by discussing how this framework can be applied to address critical scientific questions in cancer control.
PubMed ID: 31948998
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication