Title: Ex vivo use of cell-permeable succinate prodrug attenuates mitochondrial dysfunction in blood cells obtained from carbon monoxide-poisoned individuals.
Authors: Owiredu, Shawn; Ranganathan, Abhay; Eckmann, David M; Shofer, Frances S; Hardy, Kevin; Lambert, David S; Kelly, Matthew; Jang, David H
Published In Am J Physiol Cell Physiol, (2020 07 01)
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new pharmacological strategy using a first-generation succinate prodrug, NV118, in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from subjects with carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning and healthy controls. We obtained human blood cells from subjects with CO poisoning and healthy control subjects. Intact PBMCs from subjects in the CO and Control group were analyzed with high-resolution respirometry measured in pmol O2 per second per 10-6 PBMCs. In addition to obtaining baseline respiration, NV118 (100 μM) was injected, and the same parameters of respiration were obtained for comparison in PBMCs. We measured mitochondrial dynamics with microscopy with the same conditions. We enrolled 37 patients (17 in the CO group and 20 in the Control group for comparison) in the study. PMBCs obtained from subjects in the CO group had overall significantly lower respiration compared with the Control group (P < 0.0001). There was a significant increase in respiration with NV118, specifically with an increase in maximum respiration and respiration from complex II and complex IV (P < 0.0001). The mitochondria in PBMCs demonstrated an overall increase in net movement compared with the Control group. Our results of this study suggest that the therapeutic compound, NV118, increases respiration at complex II and IV as well as restoration of mitochondrial movement in PBMCs obtained from subjects with CO poisoning. Mitochondrial-directed therapy offers a potential future strategy with further exploration in vivo.
PubMed ID: 32374677
MeSH Terms: Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/metabolism*; Cell Membrane Permeability/drug effects; Cell Membrane Permeability/physiology*; Cell Respiration/drug effects; Cell Respiration/physiology; Humans; Leukocytes, Mononuclear/drug effects; Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism*; Mitochondria/drug effects; Mitochondria/metabolism*; Prodrugs/administration & dosage; Prodrugs/metabolism*; Succinic Acid/administration & dosage; Succinic Acid/metabolism*