Title: The Genetics of Variation of the Wave 1 Amplitude of the Mouse Auditory Brainstem Response.
Authors: Boussaty, Ely Cheikh; Gillard, Danielle; Lavinsky, Joel; Salehi, Pezhman; Wang, Juemei; Mendonça, Aline; Allayee, Hooman; Manor, Uri; Friedman, Rick Adam
Published In J Assoc Res Otolaryngol, (2020 08)
Abstract: This is the first genome-wide association study with the Hybrid Mouse Diversity Panel (HDMP) to define the genetic landscape of the variation in the suprathreshold wave 1 amplitude of the auditory brainstem response (ABR) both pre- and post-noise exposure. This measure is correlated with the density of the auditory neurons (AN) and/or the compliment of synaptic ribbons within the inner hair cells of the mouse cochlea. We analyzed suprathreshold ABR for 635 mice from 102 HMDP strains pre- and post-noise exposure (108 dB 10 kHz octave band noise exposure for 2 h) using auditory brainstem response (ABR) wave 1 suprathreshold amplitudes as part of a large survey (Myint et al., Hear Res 332:113-120, 2016). Genome-wide significance levels for pre- and post-exposure wave 1 amplitude across the HMDP were performed using FaST-LMM. Synaptic ribbon counts (Ctbp2 and mGluR2) were analyzed for the extreme strains within the HMDP. ABR wave 1 amplitude varied across all strains of the HMDP with differences ranging between 2.42 and 3.82-fold pre-exposure and between 2.43 and 7.5-fold post-exposure with several tone burst stimuli (4 kHz, 8 kHz, 12 kHz, 16 kHz, 24 kHz, and 32 kHz). Immunolabeling of paired synaptic ribbons and glutamate receptors of strains with the highest and lowest wave 1 values pre- and post-exposure revealed significant differences in functional synaptic ribbon counts. Genome-wide association analysis identified genome-wide significant threshold associations on chromosome 3 (24 kHz; JAX00105429; p < 1.12E-06) and chromosome 16 (16 kHz; JAX00424604; p < 9.02E-07) prior to noise exposure and significant associations on chromosomes 2 (32 kHz; JAX00497967; p < 3.68E-08) and 13 (8 kHz; JAX00049416; 1.07E-06) after noise exposure. In order to prioritize candidate genes, we generated cis-eQTLs from microarray profiling of RNA isolated from whole cochleae in 64 of the tested strains.This is the first report of a genome-wide association analysis, controlled for population structure, to explore the genetic landscape of suprathreshold wave 1 amplitude measurements of the mouse ABR. We have defined two genomic regions associated with wave 1 amplitude variation prior to noise exposure and an additional two associated with variation after noise exposure.
PubMed ID: 32757112
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication