Title: Dioxin-like and non-dioxin-like PCBs differentially regulate the hepatic proteome and modify diet-induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease severity.
Authors: Jin, Jian; Wahlang, Banrida; Shi, Hongxue; Hardesty, Josiah E; Falkner, K Cameron; Head, Kimberly Z; Srivastava, Sudhir; Merchant, Michael L; Rai, Shesh N; Cave, Matthew C; Prough, Russell A
Published In Med Chem Res, (2020 Jul)
Abstract: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants associated with metabolic disruption and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Based on their ability to activate the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), PCBs are subdivided into two classes: dioxin-like (DL) and non-dioxin-like (NDL) PCBs. Previously, we demonstrated that NDL PCBs compromised the liver to promote more severe diet-induced NAFLD. Here, the hepatic effects and potential mechanisms (by untargeted liver proteomics) of DL PCBs, NDL PCBs or co-exposure to both in diet-induced NAFLD are investigated. Male C57Bl/6 mice were fed a 42% fat diet and exposed to vehicle control; Aroclor1260 (20 mg/kg, NDL PCB mixture); PCB126 (20 μg/kg, DL PCB congener); or a mixture of Aroclor1260 (20 mg/kg)+PCB126 (20 μg/kg) for 12 weeks. Each exposure was associated with a distinct hepatic proteome. Phenotypic and proteomic analyses revealed increased hepatic inflammation and phosphoprotein signaling disruption by Aroclor1260. PCB126 decreased hepatic inflammation and fibrosis at the molecular level; while altering cytoskeletal remodeling, metal homeostasis, and intermediary/xenobiotic metabolism. PCB126 attenuated Aroclor1260-induced hepatic inflammation but increased hepatic free fatty acids in the co-exposure group. Aroclor1260+PCB126 exposure was strongly associated with multiple epigenetic processes, and these could potentially explain the observed non-additive effects of the exposures on the hepatic proteome. Taken together, the results demonstrated that PCB exposures differentially regulated the hepatic proteome and the histologic severity of diet-induced NAFLD. Future research is warranted to determine the AhR-dependence of the observed effects including metal homeostasis and the epigenetic regulation of gene expression.
PubMed ID: 32831531
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication