Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Are Fluoropolymers Really of Low Concern for Human and Environmental Health and Separate from Other PFAS?

Authors: Lohmann, Rainer; Cousins, Ian T; DeWitt, Jamie C; Glüge, Juliane; Goldenman, Gretta; Herzke, Dorte; Lindstrom, Andrew B; Miller, Mark F; Ng, Carla A; Patton, Sharyle; Scheringer, Martin; Trier, Xenia; Wang, Zhanyun

Published In Environ Sci Technol, (2020 10 20)

Abstract: Fluoropolymers are a group of polymers within the class of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). The objective of this analysis is to evaluate the evidence regarding the environmental and human health impacts of fluoropolymers throughout their life cycle(s). Production of some fluoropolymers is intimately linked to the use and emissions of legacy and novel PFAS as polymer processing aids. There are serious concerns regarding the toxicity and adverse effects of fluorinated processing aids on humans and the environment. A variety of other PFAS, including monomers and oligomers, are emitted during the production, processing, use, and end-of-life treatment of fluoropolymers. There are further concerns regarding the safe disposal of fluoropolymers and their associated products and articles at the end of their life cycle. While recycling and reuse of fluoropolymers is performed on some industrial waste, there are only limited options for their recycling from consumer articles. The evidence reviewed in this analysis does not find a scientific rationale for concluding that fluoropolymers are of low concern for environmental and human health. Given fluoropolymers' extreme persistence; emissions associated with their production, use, and disposal; and a high likelihood for human exposure to PFAS, their production and uses should be curtailed except in cases of essential uses.

PubMed ID: 33043667 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Environmental Health; Fluorocarbons*/analysis; Humans; Polyethylene

Back
to Top