Title: NAD+-mediated regulation of mammalian base excision repair.
Authors: Saville, Kate M; Clark, Jennifer; Wilk, Anna; Rogers, Gresyn D; Andrews, Joel F; Koczor, Christopher A; Sobol, Robert W
Published In DNA Repair (Amst), (2020 09)
Abstract: The enzymes of the base excision repair (BER) pathway form DNA lesion-dependent, transient complexes that vary in composition based on the type of DNA damage. These protein sub-complexes facilitate substrate/product handoff to ensure reaction completion so as to avoid accumulation of potentially toxic DNA repair intermediates. However, in the mammalian cell, additional signaling molecules are required to fine-tune the activity of the BER pathway enzymes and to facilitate chromatin/histone reorganization for access to the DNA lesion for repair. These signaling enzymes include nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) dependent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARP1, PARP2) and class III deacetylases (SIRT1, SIRT6) that comprise a key PARP-NAD-SIRT axis to facilitate the regulation and coordination of BER in the mammalian cell. Here, we briefly describe the key nodes in the BER pathway that are regulated by this axis and highlight the cellular and organismal variation in NAD+ bioavailability that can impact BER signaling potential. We discuss how cellular NAD+ is required for BER to maintain genome stability and to mount a robust cellular response to DNA damage. Finally, we consider the dependence of BER on the PARP-NAD-SIRT axis for BER protein complex assembly.
PubMed ID: 33087267
MeSH Terms: Chromatin/metabolism; DNA Damage; DNA Repair*; DNA/metabolism; Humans; NAD/metabolism*; Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1/metabolism*; Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases/metabolism; Signal Transduction*; Sirtuin 1/metabolism*; Sirtuins/metabolism*