Title: Acute e-cig inhalation impacts vascular health: a study in smoking naïve subjects.
Authors: Chatterjee, Shampa; Caporale, Alessandra; Tao, Jian Qin; Guo, Wensheng; Johncola, Alyssa; Strasser, Andrew A; Leone, Frank T; Langham, Michael C; Wehrli, Felix W
Published In Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol, (2021 01 01)
Abstract: This study was designed to investigate the acute effects of nonnicotinized e-cigarette (e-cig) aerosol inhalation in nonsmokers both in terms of blood-based markers of inflammation and oxidative stress and evaluate their association with hemodynamic-metabolic MRI parameters quantifying peripheral vascular reactivity, cerebrovascular reactivity, and aortic stiffness. Thirty-one healthy nonsmokers were subjected to two blood draws and two identical MRI protocols, each one before and after a standardized e-cig vaping session. After vaping, the serum levels of C-reactive protein, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule, and the danger signal machinery high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and its downstream effector and the NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome (as monitored by its adaptor protein ASC) increased significantly relative to the respective baseline (prevaping) values. Moreover, nitric oxide metabolites and reactive oxygen species production decreased and increased, respectively. These observations were paralleled by impaired peripheral vascular reactivity (with reduced flow-mediated dilation and attenuated hyperemic response after a cuff-occlusion test) and metabolic alterations expressed by decreased venous oxygen saturation, postvaping. The current results suggest propagation of inflammation signaling via activation of the danger signaling axis (HMGB1-NLRP3). The findings indicate that a single episode of vaping has adverse impacts on vascular inflammation and function.NEW & NOTWORTHY Endothelial cell signaling and blood biomarkers were found to correlate with functional vascular changes in a single episode e-cigarettes inhalation in healthy adults. This is indicative of the potential of e-cigarettes (even when inhaled acutely) to lead of vascular dysfunction.
PubMed ID: 33216614
MeSH Terms: Adult; Aerosols; Biomarkers/blood; Blood Vessels/diagnostic imaging; Blood Vessels/metabolism*; Blood Vessels/physiopathology*; Cell Line; E-Cigarette Vapor/adverse effects*; Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems*; Female; Humans; Inflammation Mediators/blood*; Male; Non-Smokers*; Oxidative Stress*; Oxygen/blood; Vaping/adverse effects*; Vasodilation*; Young Adult