Title: Electronic Cigarette Use and Blood Pressure Endpoints: a Systematic Review.
Authors: Martinez-Morata, Irene; Sanchez, Tiffany R; Shimbo, Daichi; Navas-Acien, Ana
Published In Curr Hypertens Rep, (2020 Nov 23)
Abstract: PURPOSE OF REVIEW: E-cigarettes (e-cigs) release toxic chemicals known to increase blood pressure (BP) levels. The effects of e-cigs on BP, however, remain unknown. Studying BP may help characterize potential cardiovascular risks of short- and long-term e-cig use. We summarized published studies on the association of e-cig use with BP endpoints. RECENT FINDINGS: Thirteen e-cig trials (12 cross-over designs) and 1 observational study evaluated systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP). All trials included at least one e-cig arm with nicotine, 6 a no-nicotine e-cig arm, and 3 a placebo arm. SBP/DBP increased in most nicotine e-cig arms, in some non-nicotine e-cig arms, and in none of the placebo arms. The observational study followed e-cig users and nonsmokers for 3.5 years with inconsistent findings. The use of e-cigs with and without nicotine may result in short-term elevations of both SBP and DBP. Prospective studies that investigate the long-term cardiovascular impact of e-cig use are needed.
PubMed ID: 33230755
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication