Title: Co-exposure to metals modulates CYP1A mRNA inducibility in Atlantic tomcod Microgadus tomcod from two populations.
Authors: Sorrentino, C; Roy, N K; Courtenay, S C; Wirgin, I
Published In Aquat Toxicol, (2005 Nov 10)
Abstract: Populations from urbanized and industrialized sites are often exposed to mixtures of chemical contaminants including aromatic hydrocarbons (AHs) and heavy metals. The effects of mixtures of these contaminants on these populations are largely unknown. The Hudson River Estuary is highly contaminated with a variety of AHs including, PCBs and PAHs, and metals, and its population of Atlantic tomcod Microgadus tomcod bioaccumulates those which are persistent. The Hudson River's tomcod population exhibits resistance to persistent AHs as exemplified by significantly decreased inducibility of hepatic cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) mRNA. We used hepatic CYP1A mRNA inducibility in tomcod from the Hudson River and a sensitive population to investigate the effects of acute co-exposure to metals on aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR)-mediated gene expression. Adult tomcod from the Hudson River and the cleaner Miramichi River were i.p. injected with one dose of benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) or coplanar PCB77 and graded doses of four metals, As, Cd, Cr, and Ni, and levels of hepatic CYP1A mRNA and protein were assayed. We observed no effects of metals treatment on basal levels of hepatic CYP1A mRNA expression, but all four metals significantly reduced CYP1A mRNA inducibility in tomcod from one or both populations. The magnitude of the inhibition of CYP1A mRNA inducibility differed among the metals and fish from the two populations. Also, the profile of the metals modulation of induced CYP1A mRNA showed differences that depended on the time after treatment of sacrifice. Our results demonstrate that co-exposure to several metals can impact inducible, but not basal levels of CYP1A expression and perhaps other toxicities mediated by the AHR.
PubMed ID: 16183146
MeSH Terms: Analysis of Variance; Animals; Blotting, Western; Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1/biosynthesis*; Environmental Exposure/analysis*; Enzyme Induction/drug effects; Fishes/metabolism*; Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects*; Hydrocarbons, Aromatic/analysis; Metals, Heavy/toxicity*; Microsomes/drug effects; New Brunswick; New York; RNA, Messenger/metabolism*; Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/metabolism; Rivers/chemistry*; Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis