Title: Prenatal lead exposure and cord blood DNA methylation in PROGRESS: an epigenome-wide association study.
Authors: Heiss, Jonathan A; Téllez-Rojo, Martha M; Estrada-Gutiérrez, Guadalupe; Schnaas, Lourdes; Amarasiriwardena, Chitra; Baccarelli, Andrea A; Wright, Robert O; Just, Allan C
Published In Environ Epigenet, (2020)
Abstract: The effects of prenatal lead exposure on child development include impaired growth and cognitive function. DNA methylation might be involved in the underlying mechanisms and previous epigenome-wide association studies reported associations between lead exposure during pregnancy and cord blood methylation levels. However, it is unclear during which developmental stage lead exposure is most harmful. Cord blood methylation levels were assayed in 420 children from a Mexican pre-birth cohort using the Illumina Infinium MethylationEPIC microarray. Lead concentrations were measured in umbilical cord blood as well as in blood samples from the mothers collected at 2nd and 3rd trimester and delivery using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. In addition, maternal bone lead levels were measured in tibia and patella using X-ray fluorescence. Comprehensive quality control and preprocessing of microarray data was followed by an unbiased restriction to methylation sites with substantial variance. Methylation levels at 202 111 cytosine-phosphate-guanine sites were regressed on each exposure adjusting for child sex, leukocyte composition, batch variables, gestational age, birthweight-for-gestational-age, maternal age, maternal education and mode of delivery. We find no association between prenatal lead exposure and cord blood methylation. This null result is strengthened by a sensitivity analysis showing that in the same dataset known biomarkers for birthweight-for-gestational-age can be recovered and the fact that phenotypic associations with lead exposure have been described in the same cohort.
PubMed ID: 33324494
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication