Title: Maternal emotions during the pre/postnatal periods and children's sleep behaviors: The mediating role of children's behavior.
Authors: Liu, Jianghong; Ji, Xiaopeng; Wang, Guanghai; Li, Yuli; Leung, Patrick W; Pinto-Martin, Jennifer
Published In J Affect Disord, (2020 08 01)
Abstract: BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the association of mother's perceived levels of depression and happiness across all trimesters of pregnancy and after delivery on their children's sleep problems, as well as examine the possible mediating effect of children's behavioral problems. METHODS: Participants included 1257 children (54% boys, mean age = 5.74 ± 0.48 years). Pre- and postnatal maternal emotions were self-reported using a 5-point scale for happiness and a 3-point scale for depressive emotions. Children reported sleep and behavioral problems using the Child Behavior Checklist. RESULTS: Adjusted models showed that children of women reporting depressive emotions during either the postnatal period (β = 3.07, p = 0.01) or both prenatal and postnatal periods (β = 2.91, p = 0.01) were more likely to report sleep disturbances. By contrast, children of women reporting higher levels of happiness in the second (β = -1.91, p = 0.04) and third (β = -2.27, p = 0.001) trimesters were less likely to report sleep problems. LIMITATIONS: Differences in maternal-report of children's behaviors could reflect memory and recall bias, and maternal emotions were assessed by researcher-designed single item measures. All measures were completed by a single reporter. Other associated factors should be considered in clarifying the complex associations. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal depressive emotions during pre- and postnatal periods were associated with an increase in children's sleep problems, while increased happiness during pregnancy was associated with a decrease in children's sleep problems. Children's behavioral problems significantly mediated these relationships. To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the relationship between maternal pre- and postnatal emotions and children's sleep behavior in an Asian sample.
PubMed ID: 32421594
MeSH Terms: Child; Depression*; Emotions; Female; Humans; Male; Mothers; Pregnancy; Problem Behavior*; Sleep