Title: Environmental chemicals and metabolic disruption in primary and secondary human parathyroid tumors.
Authors: Hu, Xin; Saunders, Neil; Safley, Susan; Smith, Matthew Ryan; Liang, Yongliang; Tran, ViLinh; Sharma, Joe; Jones, Dean P; Weber, Collin J
Published In Surgery, (2021 Jan)
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The incidence of primary hyperparathyroidism has increased 300% in the United States in the past 30 years, and secondary hyperparathyroidism is almost universal in patients with end-stage renal disease. We assessed the presence of environmental chemicals in human hyperplastic parathyroid tumors as possible contributing factors to this increase. METHODS: Cryopreserved hyperplastic parathyroid tumors and normal human parathyroids were analyzed by gas chromatography and liquid chromatography coupled to ultra-high-resolution mass spectrometry, bioinformatics, and biostatistics. RESULTS: Detected environmental chemicals included polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane derivatives, and other insecticides. A total of 99% had p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene. More than 50% contained other environmental chemicals, and many classified as endocrine disruptors. Polychlorinated biphenyl-28 and polychlorinated biphenyl-49 levels correlated positively with parathyroid tumor mass. Polybrominated diphenyl ether-47 concentrations in tumors were inversely correlated with patients' serum calcium levels. Cellular metabolites in pathways of purine and pyrimidine synthesis and mitochondrial energy production were associated with tumor growth and with p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene in primary hyperparathyroidism tumors. In normal parathyroids, p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene , polychlorinated biphenyl-28, polychlorinated biphenyl-74, and polychlorinated biphenyl-153, but not p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene or polychlorinated biphenyl-49, were detected. CONCLUSION: Environmental chemicals are present in human parathyroid tumors and warrant detailed epidemiologic and mechanistic studies to test for causal links to the growth of human parathyroid tumors.
PubMed ID: 32771296
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication