Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: The role of gene to gene interaction in the breast's genomic signature of pregnancy.

Authors: Gutiérrez-Díez, Pedro J; Gomez-Pilar, Javier; Hornero, Roberto; Martínez-Rodríguez, Julia; López-Marcos, Miguel A; Russo, Jose

Published In Sci Rep, (2021 Jan 29)

Abstract: Full-term pregnancy at an early age confers long-term protection against breast cancer. Published data shows a specific transcriptomic profile controlling chromatin remodeling that could play a relevant role in the pregnancy-induced protection. This process of chromatin remodeling, induced by the breast differentiation caused by the first full-term pregnancy, has mainly been measured by the expression level of genes individually considered. However, genes equally expressed during the process of chromatin remodeling may behave differently in their interaction with other genes. These changes at the gene cluster level could constitute an additional dimension of chromatin remodeling and therefore of the pregnancy-induced protection. In this research, we apply Information and Graph Theories, Differential Co-expression Network Analysis, and Multiple Regression Analysis, specially designed to examine structural and informational aspects of data sets, to analyze this question. Our findings demonstrate that, independently of the changes in the gene expression at the individual level, there are significant changes in gene-gene interactions and gene cluster behaviors. These changes indicate that the parous breast, through the process of early full-term pregnancy, generates more modules in the networks, with higher density, and a genomic structure performing additional and more complex functions than those found in the nulliparous breast.

PubMed ID: 33514799 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication

to Top