Title: Detection of mitomycin C-DNA adducts in human breast cancer cells grown in culture, as xenografted tumors in nude mice, and in biopsies of human breast cancer patient tumors as determined by (32)P-postlabeling.
Authors: Warren, A J; Mustra, D J; Hamilton, J W
Published In Clin Cancer Res, (2001 Apr)
Abstract: Mitomycin C (MMC) is a DNA cross-linking agent that has been used in cancer chemotherapy for >20 years. However, little is known either qualitatively or quantitatively about the relationship between formation and repair of specific MMC-DNA adducts and specific biological outcomes. The goal of this study was to examine formation and removal of specific MMC-DNA adducts in breast cancer cells using a (32)P-postlabeling assay in relation to cytotoxicity and other biological end points. MMC-DNA adducts were measured in cultured human metastatic MDA-MB-435 cells, in the same cells xenografted as a mammary tumor in nude mice, and in metastatic tumor biopsies obtained from human breast cancer patients undergoing MMC-based therapy. MMC adducts corresponding to the CpG interstrand cross-link, the MMC-G bifunctional monoadduct, and two isomers of the MMC-G monofunctional monoadduct were detected in most samples. Despite similarities in the overall patterns of adduct formation, there were substantial differences between the cultured cells and the in vivo tumors in their adduct distribution profile, kinetics of adduct formation and removal, and relationship of specific adduct levels to cytotoxicity, suggesting that the in vivo microenvironment (e.g., degree of oxygenation, pH, activity of oxidoreductases, and other factors) of breast cancer cells may significantly modulate these parameters.
PubMed ID: 11309355
MeSH Terms: Aged; Animals; Biopsy; Breast Neoplasms/chemistry*; Breast Neoplasms/genetics; Breast Neoplasms/pathology; Clinical Trials; DNA Adducts/analysis*; DNA, Neoplasm/analysis; DNA, Neoplasm/chemistry*; Female; Genome; Humans; Mice; Mice, Nude; Middle Aged; Mitomycin/analysis*; Neoplasm Transplantation; Phosphorus Radioisotopes; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Transplantation, Heterologous; Tumor Cells, Cultured