Title: Quantification of (7S,8R)-dihydroxy-(9R,10S)-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene adducts in human serum albumin by laser-induced fluorescence: implications for the in vivo metabolism of benzo[a]pyrene.
Authors: Ozbal, C C; Skipper, P L; Yu, M C; London, S J; Dasari, R R; Tannenbaum, S R
Published In Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, (2000 Jul)
Abstract: The ubiquitous environmental carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) is metabolized in vivo in humans to its ultimate carcinogenic form of 7,8-dihydroxy-9,10-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene (BPDE). Mouse skin tumorigenicity studies indicate that the (7R,8S,9S,10R) enantiomer of BPDE, (7R,8S)-dihydroxy-(9S,10R)-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene [(7R,8S,9S,10R)-BPDE], is a potent tumor initiator, whereas the (7S,8R,9R,10S) enantiomer of BPDE, (7S,8R)-dihydroxy-(9R,10S)-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene [(7S,8R,9R,10S)-BPDE], may act as a tumor promoter. In vitro experiments have shown that human liver microsomes are capable of metabolizing BaP to both the (7R,8S,9S,10R) and (7S,8R,9R,10S) enantiomers of BPDE. However, the metabolism of BaP to (7S,8R,9R,10S)-BPDE has not been demonstrated in humans in vivo. The adducts formed between human serum albumin (HSA) and the (7S,8R,9R,10R) and (7R,8S,9S,10R) enantiomers of BPDE have been described previously. (7S,8R,9R,10S)-BPDE forms a stable adduct at histidine146 of HSA, whereas (7R,8S,9R,10R)-BPDE forms a relatively unstable ester adduct at aspartate187 or glutamate188 of HSA. Using high-performance liquid chromatography with laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) detector, we quantified the level of (7S,8R,9R,10S)-BPDE adducts at histidine146 in HSA isolated from 63 healthy males who were population control subjects for an ongoing case-control study of bladder cancer. By design, roughly half of the participants were lifelong nonsmokers (n = 35), whereas the remaining 28 participants were current smokers of varying intensities. HP-BPDE adducts were detected in 60 of the 63 samples (95%) by HPLC-LIF. Adduct levels ranged from undetectable (<0.04 fmol/mg HSA) to 0.77 fmol/mg HSA. The samples had a mean and median (7S,8R,9R,10S)-BPDE-HSA adduct level of 0.22 and 0.16 fmol of adduct/mg albumin, respectively. Mean adduct levels did not differ between smokers and nonsmokers (P = 0.72). Occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons was unrelated to adduct level (P = 0.62). Intake frequencies of two food items showed statistically significant associations with adduct levels. Consumption of sweet potatoes was negatively related to adduct level (P = 0.029), whereas intake of grapefruit juice was positively related to adduct level (P = 0.045). None of the three indices of residential ambient air pollution under study showed a statistically significant association with adduct levels.
PubMed ID: 10919745
MeSH Terms: 7,8-Dihydro-7,8-dihydroxybenzo(a)pyrene 9,10-oxide/analysis*; Adult; Aged; Benzo(a)pyrene/adverse effects*; Benzo(a)pyrene/metabolism; Case-Control Studies; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; DNA Adducts*; Fluorescence; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Sensitivity and Specificity; Serum Albumin/genetics; Serum Albumin/metabolism*