Title: Coal-induced interleukin-6 gene expression is mediated through ERKs and p38 MAPK pathways.
Authors: Huang, X; Zhang, Q
Published In Toxicol Appl Pharmacol, (2003 Aug 15)
Abstract: In the present study, we have tested the ability of coal dust to stimulate kinase phosphorylation of activator protein-1 (AP-1) signal transduction pathways and production of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in both mouse epidermal JB6 and human lung epithelial A549 cells. Seven coal samples from three coalmine regions of Pennsylvania (PA), West Virginia (WV), and Utah (UT) with high, medium, and low prevalence of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), respectively, were investigated. Results from the present study indicate that three PA coals stimulated the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) and p38 MAPK, but not c-Jun-NH2-terminal kinases (JNKs) in human lung A549 cells. The effects of three UT coals on the kinase phosphorylation were less as compared to those of the PA coals. Coal dusts from three coalmine regions induced IL-6 in a dose-dependent manner in both JB6 and A549 cells. Interestingly, levels of IL-6 in both cells treated with coals from three coalmine regions correlated well with CWP prevalence from that region. To assess the role of AP-1 pathways in coal-mediated transcriptional activation of IL-6, various inhibitors were used in cells treated with one PA coal, which induced a maximal response. It was found that the increase in IL-6 protein and mRNA by the PA coal was completely eliminated by the pretreatment of both cell types with PD98059, a specific MEK1 inhibitor, and SB202190, a p38 kinase inhibitor. Our results indicate that coal dust can stimulate IL-6 release from mouse epidermal JB6 cells and human lung epithelial A549 cells, and the coal-induced IL-6 increase may involve ERKs and p38 MAPK pathways.
PubMed ID: 12915102
MeSH Terms: Animals; Cells, Cultured; Coal Mining; Coal/toxicity*; Cytokines/biosynthesis; Cytokines/genetics; Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects*; Humans; Interleukin-6/biosynthesis; Interleukin-6/genetics*; Lung/pathology; Mice; Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/physiology*; Phosphorylation; Pneumoconiosis/genetics; Pneumoconiosis/pathology; RNA/biosynthesis; RNA/genetics; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Signal Transduction/genetics; Transcription Factor AP-1/genetics; p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases