Title: Cotton dust produces an increase in intraepithelial mucosubstances in rat airways.
Authors: Gordon, T; Harkema, J R
Published In Am J Respir Crit Care Med, (1995 Jun)
Abstract: Occupational exposure to endotoxin-contaminated organic dusts is associated with a variety of adverse pulmonary effects, including chronic bronchitis and sputum production. We have previously demonstrated in F344 rats that inhaled endotoxin rapidly induces an increase in the volume of stored intraepithelial mucosubstances (Vs) in the respiratory tract. The present study examined whether endotoxin-contaminated cotton dust can produce a similar increase in Vs in this animal model. Rats were exposed to air or 1.5 to 15.0 mg/m3 cotton dust for 2 h/d for 3 d. Twenty-four hours after the final exposure, the nasal cavity and lungs were fixed in formalin and the presence of Alcian blue/periodic acid-Schiff-staining mucosubstances determined by morphometry. Exposure to cotton dust produced concentration-dependent changes in Vs in the nasal septum and intrapulmonary airways. Statistically significant increases in Vs were observed in the epithelial lining of the nasal septum of animals exposed to 5.3 and 14.5 mg/m3 cotton dust (equivalent to 2.8 and 8.9 micrograms/m3 endotoxin). Vs in the intrapulmonary airways was also significantly increased at these concentrations. No significant changes were observed in the nasal septum or intrapulmonary airways after exposure to 1.8 mg/m3 cotton dust. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that endotoxin may contribute to the increase in human cases of chronic bronchitis reported in occupational settings in which endotoxin-contaminated dusts are encountered.
PubMed ID: 7767548
MeSH Terms: Animals; Dust/adverse effects*; Endotoxins/adverse effects*; Epithelium/metabolism; Epithelium/pathology; Gossypium/adverse effects*; Male; Mucous Membrane/metabolism; Mucous Membrane/pathology; Mucus/metabolism*; Rats; Rats, Inbred F344; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Respiratory System/metabolism*; Respiratory System/pathology; Time Factors