Title: Mutagenesis by exocyclic alkylamino purine adducts in Escherichia coli.
Authors: Upton, Dana C; Wang, Xueying; Blans, Patrick; Perrino, Fred W; Fishbein, James C; Akman, Steven A
Published In Mutat Res, (2006 Jul 25)
Abstract: Exocyclic alkylamino purine adducts, including N(2)-ethyldeoxyguanosine, N(2)-isopropyldeoxyguanosine, and N(6)-isopropyldeoxyadenosine, occur as a consequence of reactions of DNA with toxins such as the ethanol metabolite acetaldehyde, diisopropylnitrosamine, and diisopropyltriazene. However, there are few data addressing the biological consequences of these adducts when present in DNA. Therefore, we assessed the mutagenicities of these single, chemically synthesized exocyclic amino adducts when placed site-specifically in the supF gene in the reporter plasmid pLSX and replicated in Escherichia coli, comparing the mutagenic potential of these exocyclic amino adducts to that of O(6)-ethyldeoxyguanosine. Inclusion of deoxyuridines on the strand complementary to the adducts at 5' and 3' flanking positions resulted in mutant fractions of N(2)-ethyldeoxyguanosine and N(2)-isopropyldeoxyguanosine-containing plasmid of 1.4+/-0.5% and 5.7+/-2.5%, respectively, both of which were significantly greater than control plasmid containing deoxyuridines but no adduct (p=0.04 and 0.003, respectively). The mutagenicities of the three exocyclic alkylamino purine adducts tested were of smaller magnitude than O(6)-ethyldeoxyguanosine (mutant fraction=21.2+/-1.2%, p=0.00001) with the N(6)-isopropyldeoxyadenosine being the least mutagenic (mutant fraction=1.2+/-0.5%, p=0.13). The mutation spectrum generated by the N(2)-ethyl and -isopropyldeoxyguanosine adducts included adduct site-targeted G:C-->T:A transversions, adduct site single base deletions, and single base deletions three bases downstream from the adduct, which contrasted sharply with the mutation spectrum generated by the O(6)-ethyldeoxyguanosine lesion of 95% adduct site-targeted transitions. We conclude that N(2)-ethyl and -isopropyldeoxyguanosine are mutagenic adducts in E. coli whose mutation spectra differ markedly from that of O(6)-ethyldeoxyguanosine.
PubMed ID: 16488449
MeSH Terms: Base Sequence; DNA Adducts/chemical synthesis; DNA Adducts/chemistry; DNA Adducts/genetics*; DNA Adducts/toxicity*; DNA, Bacterial/chemistry; DNA, Bacterial/genetics; Escherichia coli/drug effects*; Escherichia coli/genetics*; Mutagenesis, Site-Directed; Plasmids/genetics; Purine Nucleotides/chemistry; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural