Title: Replication of N2-ethyldeoxyguanosine DNA adducts in the human embryonic kidney cell line 293.
Authors: Upton, Dana C; Wang, Xueying; Blans, Patrick; Perrino, Fred W; Fishbein, James C; Akman, Steven A
Published In Chem Res Toxicol, (2006 Jul)
Abstract: N(2)-Ethyldeoxyguanosine (N(2)-ethyldGuo) is a DNA adduct formed by reaction of the exocyclic amine of dGuo with the ethanol metabolite acetaldehyde. Because ethanol is a human carcinogen, we assessed the biological consequences of replication of template N(2)-ethyldGuo, in comparison to the well-studied adduct O(6)-ethyldeoxyguanosine (O(6)-ethyldGuo). Single chemically synthesized N(2)-ethyldGuo or O(6)-ethyldGuo adducts were placed site specifically in the suppressor tRNA gene of the mutation reporting shuttle plasmid pLSX. N(2)-EthyldGuo and O(6)-ethyldGuo were both minimally mutagenic in double-stranded pLSX replicated in human 293 cells; however, the placement of deoxyuridines on the complementary strand at 5'- and 3'-positions flanking the adduct resulted in 5- and 22-fold enhancements of the N(2)-ethyldGuo- and O(6)-ethyldGuo-induced mutant fractions, respectively. The fold increase in the N(2)-ethyldGuo-induced mutant fraction in deoxyuridine-containing plasmids was similar after replication in 293T cells, a mismatch repair deficient variant of 293 cells, indicating that postreplication mismatch repair has little role in modulating N(2)-ethyldGuo-mediated mutagenesis. The mutation spectrum generated by N(2)-ethyldGuo consisted primarily of single base deletions and adduct site-targeted transversions, in contrast to the exclusive production of adduct site-targeted transitions by O(6)-ethyldGuo. The yield of progeny plasmids after replication in 293 cells was reduced by the presence of N(2)-ethyldGuo in parental plasmids with or without deoxyuridine to 39 or 19%, respectively. Taken together, these data indicate that N(2)-ethyldGuo in DNA exerts its principal biological activity by blocking translesion DNA synthesis in human cells, resulting in either failure of replication or frameshift deletion mutations.
PubMed ID: 16841965
MeSH Terms: Base Sequence; Blotting, Western; Cell Line; DNA Adducts*; DNA Replication*; Deoxyguanosine/analogs & derivatives*; Deoxyguanosine/chemistry; Deoxyguanosine/metabolism; Frameshift Mutation; Genetic Vectors; Humans; Kidney/cytology; Kidney/metabolism*; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutagenicity Tests; Plasmids