Title: Benzene exposure measurement in shoe and glue manufacturing: a study to validate biomarkers.
Authors: Qu, Qingshan; Cohen, Beverly S; Shore, Roy; Chen, Lung Chi; Li, Guilan; Jin, Ximei; Melikian, Assieh A; Yin, Songnian; Yan, Huifang; Xu, Bohong; Li, Yuying; Mu, Ruidong; Zhang, Xiaoling; Li, Keqi
Published In Appl Occup Environ Hyg, (2003 Dec)
Abstract: This article reports an extensive program to monitor individual personal exposures of subjects recruited for a study conducted in a Chinese occupational population to determine whether selected biological markers of exposure to benzene are reliable and sensitive enough to detect low-level benzene exposure in people. The monitoring program reported here was to assure an appropriate range of exposure for subject selection as well as to provide data for the exposure response assessment. The overall study resulted in correlation of the measured exposures with the measured concentrations of two minor urinary benzene metabolites, trans,trans-muconic acid and S-phenylmercapturic acid. The study design and evaluation of biological end points are presented in separate publications. Recruitment of 130 exposed subjects was based on personal exposure measurements collected with passive organic vapor monitors at weekly intervals for 3 to 4 weeks prior to collection of biological samples. Two monitors, side by side, were used for all of the personal monitoring in the first year of the study and about 10 percent of subsequent monitoring. One of each pair was analyzed immediately in Beijing at the Institute of Occupational Medicine, and the other was shipped to the United States and analyzed at the New York University Institute of Environmental Medicine. Exposure concentrations measured over 4-5 weeks were reasonably stable with average coefficients of variation of 0.58, 0.59, and 0.46 for benzene, toluene, and xylene, respectively. Benzene exposure averaged 10 +/- 13 ppm benzene with a median of 3.8 ppm for the recruited exposed workers. Excellent correlation was obtained between samples analyzed for benzene at the two laboratories. The extensive effort to document exposures was important to the exposure-response relationship demonstrated in the full study, which concluded that S-phenylmercapturic acid appears to be a good biomarker for detecting and evaluating benzene exposure at concentrations less than 0.25 ppm.
PubMed ID: 14612295
MeSH Terms: Acetylcysteine/analogs & derivatives*; Acetylcysteine/urine; Adhesives*; Benzene/analysis*; Benzene/toxicity; Biological Markers/urine*; China; Humans; Industry*; Occupational Exposure/analysis*; Quality Control; Sensitivity and Specificity; Shoes; Toluene/toxicity; Toluene/urine; Xylenes/toxicity; Xylenes/urine