Title: Comparison of Ha-ras mutational spectra of N-methyldibenzo[c,g]carbazole and 7H-dibenzo[c,g]carbazole-induced mouse skin tumors.
Authors: Mitchell, K R; Warshawsky, D
Published In Mol Carcinog, (2001 Oct)
Abstract: Carcinogenic N-heterocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are formed during the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels as well as cigarette smoke. N-Methyldibenzo[c,g]carbazole (NMeDBC) and 7H-dibenzo[c,g]carbazole (DBC) are members of this group. DBC induces mouse skin and liver tumors, whereas NMeDBC induces only mouse skin tumors. The objective of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of action of these compounds in skin by assessing the Ha-ras mutational spectra induced by a two-stage initiation-promotion protocol. NMeDBC (200 nmol) or DBC (200 nmol) was applied to the back skin of 24 female Hsd:ICR(Br) mice (12 per group) once. 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) (2 microg) was then applied twice weekly for 28 wk. Tumors were screened for Ha-ras mutations using enriched polymerase chain reaction and mutations defined by dideoxy sequencing. In DBC animals 58% produced papillomas, of which 71% had codon 61 mutations, 4% had codon 12 mutations, 4% had codon 13 mutations, and 21% had no Ha-ras mutations. In NMeDBC animals 92% produced papillomas, of which 73% had codon 61 mutations and 27% had no Ha-ras mutations. All of the codon 61 mutations, from both NMeDBC and DBC, were CAA-->CTA transversions. The DBC-induced tumors with the codon 12 mutation had a GGA-->GAA transition, and the codon 13 mutation was a GGC-->GTC transversion. These results suggest that NMeDBC is a more potent tumor inducer than DBC, but the resulting H-ras mutations in each group were predominantly in codon 61, and, therefore, mutation induction in skin by each chemical appears to proceed by a similar mechanism.
PubMed ID: 11746817
MeSH Terms: Animals; Carbazoles/toxicity*; Carcinogens/toxicity*; Female; Genes, ras*; Mice; Mutation/drug effects*; Skin Neoplasms/chemically induced*; Skin Neoplasms/genetics*