Title: RecN and RecG are required for Escherichia coli survival of Bleomycin-induced damage.
Authors: Kosa, Jessica L; Zdraveski, Zoran Z; Currier, Sophie; Marinus, Martin G; Essigmann, John M
Published In Mutat Res, (2004 Oct 4)
Abstract: The sensitivity of a panel of DNA repair-defective bacterial strains to BLM was investigated. Escherichia coli recA cells were far more sensitive than were uvrA, dam-3, and mutM mutY strains, underscoring the importance of RecA to survival. Strains recBCD and recN, which lack proteins required for double strand break (DSB) repair, were highly sensitive to BLM, while recF cells were not. The requirement for DSB-specific enzymes supports the hypothesis that DSBs are the primary cause of bleomycin cytotoxicity. The acute sensitivity of recN cells was comparable to that of recA, implying a central role for the RecN protein in BLM lesion repair. The Holliday junction processing enzymes RecG and RuvC were both required for BLM survival. The recG ruvC double mutant was no more sensitive than either mutation alone, suggesting that both enzymes participate in the same pathway. Surprisingly, ruvAB cells were no more sensitive than wildtype, implying that RuvC is able to perform its role without RuvAB. This observation contrasts with current models of recombination in which RuvA, B, and C function as a single complex. The most straightforward explanation of these results is that DSB repair involves a structure that serves as a good substrate for RecG, and not RuvAB.
PubMed ID: 15450413
MeSH Terms: Bacterial Proteins/physiology*; Bleomycin/toxicity*; DNA Restriction Enzymes/physiology*; Escherichia coli Proteins/physiology*; Escherichia coli/drug effects*; Escherichia coli/enzymology; Escherichia coli/genetics; Escherichia coli/growth & development; Mutagens/toxicity*; Recombination, Genetic