Title: Collection of buccal cell DNA in seventh-grade children using water and a toothbrush.
Authors: London, S J; Xia, J; Lehman, T A; Yang, J H; Granada, E; Chunhong, L; Dubeau, L; Li, T; David-Beabes, G L; Li, Y
Published In Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, (2001 Nov)
Abstract: We developed a simple and effective method for collecting a large quantity of buccal cell DNA in school-based studies of seventh-grade and older children. Seventh-grade students at schools in Wuhan, China brushed each buccal surface with a soft toothbrush and then rinsed with 10 ml of water. We added 5 ml of 99% ethanol to preserve the sample. Among 1563 samples transported at room temperature over 1 week and then stored for 13-14 months at -70 degrees C before extraction, using a modified Gentra Puregene protocol, the median total DNA yield was 108 microg, range of 14 to 416 microg. We assayed every 20th sample (n = 77) for NAT2 by the PCR, and all samples gave a 1093-bp product. From the 1563 samples, we obtained a result for single nucleotide polymorphisms in the interleukin-13 gene (at +2044) by RFLP-PCR on 98.8% and in the promoter of the myeloperoxidase gene (at -463) by real-time PCR on 99.7%. A water-rinse method, that we used among 12th-grade students in Southern California, gave a lower total DNA yield than the toothbrush rinse (median of 17 microg) and a slightly reduced ability to generate a PCR product. However, 26 of 27 water-rinse samples gave a result for two genes, albumin and CYP1A1, using real-time PCR methods. We did not quantify human, versus bacterial, DNA in our samples. However, given the amounts of total DNA required for genotyping, a sample with the median yield of 108 microg should suffice for approximately 2160 genotypes by RFLP-PCR methods or five times as many by real-time PCR. We recommend the toothbrush-rinse method, combined with a modified Gentra Puregene DNA extraction protocol, for large-scale, in-person collections of buccal cell DNA in children. The method requires only inexpensive, readily available materials and produces a large quantity of high-quality DNA for PCR analyses.
PubMed ID: 11700274
MeSH Terms: Albumins/genetics; Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase/genetics; Child; Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human/genetics; Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1/genetics; DNA/isolation & purification*; Humans; Interleukin-13/genetics; Mouth Mucosa/cytology*; Peroxidase/genetics; Polymerase Chain Reaction*; Specimen Handling*/instrumentation; Specimen Handling*/methods