Title: Dimethyl sulfoxide, but not acidosis-induced metallothionein mRNA expression in neonatal rat primary astrocyte cultures is inhibited by the bioflavonoid, quercetin.
Authors: Conklin, D R; Tan, K H; Aschner, M
Published In Brain Res, (1998 Jun 01)
Abstract: Metallothionein (MT) mRNA levels were analyzed following exposure of neonatal rat primary astrocyte cultures to physiologic pH (7.4), acidosis (pH 6.5 and 6.0), and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Treatments were carried out both in the presence and absence of the bioflavonoid, quercetin. Total RNA was probed on northern blots with [alpha32P]dCTP-labeled synthetic cDNA probes specific for rat MT isoform mRNAs. MT-I and MT-II mRNA levels in astrocytes exposed to pH 6.5 or pH 6.0 were increased compared to controls (pH 7.4). Treatment with DMSO in the presence and absence of acidosis, also increased MT-I and MT-II mRNA levels compared to controls (pH 7.4). The DMSO-induced increase in MT mRNA expression was reversed by treatment of astrocytes with quercetin, such that MT-I and MT-II mRNA levels in DMSO plus quercetin-treated astrocytes were indistinguishable from mRNA levels in their respective controls at pH 7.4, pH 6.5, and pH 6.0. These findings suggest that both acidosis and DMSO exposure are associated with increased astrocytic MT synthesis at the mRNA level, and that quercetin, effectively blocks MT mRNA induction by DMSO.
PubMed ID: 9622659
MeSH Terms: Acidosis/metabolism*; Animals; Animals, Newborn; Astrocytes/drug effects*; Cells, Cultured; Dimethyl Sulfoxide/antagonists & inhibitors*; Metallothionein/genetics*; Quercetin/pharmacology*; RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis*; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley