Title: Chromate-induced epimutations in mammalian cells.
Authors: Klein, Catherine B; Su, Lin; Bowser, Darlene; Leszczynska, Joanna
Published In Environ Health Perspect, (2002 Oct)
Abstract: Epigenetic gene silencing by aberrant DNA methylation of gene promoter regions is a nonmutagenic but heritable epigenetic mechanism that may mistakenly cause the silencing of important cancer-related tumor suppressor genes. Using a transgenic, V79-derived, mammalian cell line (G12) that contains a bacterial gpt reporter gene in its DNA, we can study carcinogen-induced gene inactivation by mutagenic as well as epigenetic DNA methylation mechanisms. Whereas numerous carcinogens have previously been shown to be mutagenic in these cells, a few carcinogens, including nickel, diethylstilbestrol, and X-rays, are also capable of silencing the G12 cell gpt transgene by aberrant DNA methylation. Here we report for the first time that carcinogenic potassium chromate salts can also induce aberrant DNA methylation in this system. In contrast insoluble barium chromate produced significant level of mutations in these cells but did not cause DNA methylation changes associated with transgene expression.
PubMed ID: 12426123
MeSH Terms: Animals; Carcinogens/adverse effects; Cell Transformation, Neoplastic*; Cricetinae; Cricetulus; DNA Methylation*; Genes, Tumor Suppressor*; Promoter Regions, Genetic/genetics*; Transgenes; Tumor Cells, Cultured