Title: Analysing incomplete longitudinal binary responses: a likelihood-based approach.
Authors: Fitzmaurice, G M; Laird, N M; Lipsitz, S R
Published In Biometrics, (1994 Sep)
Abstract: In this paper, we describe a likelihood-based method for analysing balanced but incomplete longitudinal binary responses that are assumed to be missing at random. Following the approach outlined in Zhao and Prentice (1990, Biometrika 77, 642-648), we focus on "marginal models" in which the marginal expectation of the response variable is related to a set of covariates. The association between binary responses is modelled in terms of conditional log odds-ratios. We describe a set of scoring equations for jointly estimating both the marginal parameters and the conditional association parameters. An outline of the EM algorithm used to obtain the maximum likelihood estimates is presented. This approach yields valid and efficient estimates when the responses are missing at random, but not necessarily missing completely at random. An example, using data from the Muscatine Coronary Risk Factor Study, is presented to illustrate this methodology.
PubMed ID: 7981387
MeSH Terms: Age Factors; Child; Female; Humans; Longitudinal Studies*; Male; Mathematics; Models, Statistical*; Obesity/epidemiology; Probability; Sex Factors