Title: An Ile to Met polymorphism in the catalytic domain of adenylyl cyclase type 9 confers reduced beta2-adrenergic receptor stimulation.
Authors: Small, Kersten M; Brown, Kari M; Theiss, Cheryl T; Seman, Carrie A; Weiss, Scott T; Liggett, Stephen B
Published In Pharmacogenetics, (2003 Sep)
Abstract: Adenylyl cyclase (AC) mediates signalling following activation of G(alphas)-coupled receptors such as the beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2AR). Genetic variation in the receptor component of this pathway can alter signal transduction and the response to beta-agonists in asthma, but little is known about downstream effectors. Here, we characterize the population genomics and signalling effects of a polymorphism within the coding region of the AC9 gene that results in an Ile to Met substitution at amino acid 772 within the C1b region of the enzyme. Allele frequencies were 0.300 and 0.375 in Caucasians and Asians but were lower in African-Americans (0.163). The functional effects were studied in stably transfected HEK293 cells recombinantly expressing equivalent levels of wild-type (Ile772) and polymorphic (Met772) AC9. The polymorphic substitution results in a loss of function compared to wild-type AC9. Met772 AC9 has lower basal and beta2AR-mediated adenylyl cyclase activities compared to Ile772 AC9, as well as reduced activity following stimulation of G(alphas) by NaF. Direct stimulation of AC9 activity by Mn2+/- was also depressed in Met772 membranes, indicating decreased catalytic function, consistent with the location of residue 772. AC9 mRNA and protein were expressed in multiple human lung cell-types, including airway smooth muscle and airway epithelium. In the treatment of asthma, there is marked heterogeneity in the response to inhaled beta-agonists which is associated with polymorphisms of the beta2AR. Identification of a common AC9 variant that confers reduced enzyme activity reveals an additional polymorphism that should be considered in pharmacogenetic studies of beta-agonist therapy of asthma.
PubMed ID: 12972952
MeSH Terms: Adenylyl Cyclases/chemistry; Adenylyl Cyclases/genetics*; Adrenergic beta-Agonists/pharmacology; African Continental Ancestry Group; Amino Acid Sequence; Amino Acid Substitution; Asian Continental Ancestry Group; Base Sequence; Catalytic Domain*; European Continental Ancestry Group; Gene Frequency; Genetic Variation; Genomics; Humans; Isoleucine/metabolism*; Isoproterenol/pharmacology; Lung/cytology; Methionine/metabolism*; Polymorphism, Genetic*; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; RNA, Messenger/metabolism; Receptors, Adrenergic, beta/drug effects; Signal Transduction