Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Conceptual biotransformation of 4-oxo-all-trans-retinoic acid, 4-oxo-13-cis-retinoic acid and all-trans-retinoyl-beta-glucuronide in rat whole embryo culture.

Authors: Creech Kraft, J; Juchau, M R

Published In Biochem Pharmacol, (1992 May 28)

Abstract: In cultured rat conceptuses, intraamniotic microinjections of 2500 ng/mL of 4-oxo-13-cis-retinoic acid, 600 ng/mL 4-oxo-all-trans-retinoic acid or 4000 ng/mL all-trans-retinoyl-beta-glucuronide, produce qualitatively and quantitatively similar patterns of dysmorphogenesis as those reported after the intraamniotic microinjection of 250 ng/mL all-trans-retinoic acid [Lee et al., Teratology 44: 313-323, 1991; Creech Kraft et al., Teratology 45: 259-270, 1992]. In the present study, we utilized HPLC techniques to analyze retinoid levels in cultured rat conceptuses, 1.5 hr after intraamniotic microinjections of 4-oxo-13-cis-retinoic acid (2500 ng/mL), 4-oxo-all-trans-retinoic acid (600 ng/mL) or all-trans-retinoyl-beta-glucuronide (4000 ng/mL). Our findings show that, after the microinjections of 4-oxo-all-trans-retinoic acid or 4-oxo-13-cis-retinoic acid (at these selected concentrations), 4-oxo-all-trans-retinoic acid was predominant in the embryos proper at concentrations of about 200 nM. This was roughly equivalent to the levels of all-trans-retinoic acid assayed after microinjections of all-trans-retinoyl-beta-glucuronide (4000 ng/mL). We conclude from these studies that both 4-oxo-all-trans-retinoic acid and all-trans-retinoic acid behave as ultimate or proximate dysmorphogens.

PubMed ID: 1599515 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Animals; Biotransformation; Embryo, Mammalian/metabolism*; Isotretinoin/metabolism; Microinjections; Models, Biological; Morphogenesis/drug effects; Organ Culture Techniques; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Stereoisomerism; Time Factors; Tretinoin/analogs & derivatives*; Tretinoin/analysis; Tretinoin/metabolism; Tretinoin/pharmacology

Back
to Top