Title: Clearance and translocation of aluminum oxide (alumina) from the lungs.
Authors: Schlesinger, R B; Snyder, C A; Chen, L C; Gorczynski, J E; Ménache, M
Published In Inhal Toxicol, (2000 Oct)
Abstract: Significant respiratory-tract exposure to insoluble aluminum compounds, such as alumina (aluminum oxide, Al(2)O(3)), can occur in occupational settings, yet little is known about the temporal pattern of pulmonary clearance of these materials from the lungs with repeated exposures, and potential subsequent translocation to other organs. This study evaluated the clearance pattern of alumina from the lungs of rats, and burdens in selected extrapulmonary organs (brain, bone, liver, spleen, kidney). Rats were instilled with alumina once weekly for 20 wk. Quantification of retention was performed by measuring aluminum burdens in the lungs and extrapulmonary organs during the exposure period, and then weekly for an additional 19 wk after the exposures ended. Lung burdens of aluminum were found to steadily increase during exposure. Clearance of the material following the end of the exposure regime was extremely slow; only approximately 9% of the amount in the lungs following the 20 weekly exposures was cleared by the end of the postexposure period. This study supports the concept of gradual accumulation and long-term retention of aluminum within the respiratory tract of individuals repeatedly exposed to alumina in occupational settings.
PubMed ID: 10989369
MeSH Terms: Air Pollutants, Occupational/pharmacokinetics*; Aluminum Oxide/administration & dosage; Aluminum Oxide/pharmacokinetics*; Animals; Body Burden; Inhalation Exposure*; Intubation, Intratracheal; Lung/metabolism; Male; Metabolic Clearance Rate; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Regression Analysis