Title: Species susceptibility to aflatoxin B1 carcinogenesis: comparative kinetics of microsomal biotransformation.
Authors: Ramsdell, H S; Eaton, D L
Published In Cancer Res, (1990 Feb 1)
Abstract: The biotransformation of the potential human carcinogen aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) was studied using hepatic microsomes from the rat, mouse, monkey, and human. Initial rates of AFB1 oxidation to aflatoxins Q1, M1, and P1, as well as the reactive intermediate AFB1-8,9-epoxide, were determined using a high performance liquid chromatography assay. The rates of generation of these AFB1 metabolites were investigated at low substrate concentrations (more representative of environmental exposures) and also at high ("saturating") concentrations commonly utilized in studies in vitro. Striking differences in ratios of the metabolites were observed. At an AFB1 concentration of 124 microM, mouse and monkey microsomes had the highest rates of AFB1-8,9-epoxide formation. Primate liver microsomes formed aflatoxin Q1 in large amounts but failed to produce detectable aflatoxin P1. Determination of the rates of formation over initial AFB1 concentrations ranging from 15 to 475 microM revealed that the proportion converted to AFB1-8,9-epoxide increased at lower substrate concentrations in the case of the rat and human microsomes but not with mouse or monkey microsomes. The differences in patterns of metabolite formation with varying concentrations have implications for interspecies comparisons of carcinogenic potency of AFB1.
PubMed ID: 2105159
MeSH Terms: Aflatoxin B1; Aflatoxins/metabolism; Aflatoxins/toxicity*; Animals; Biotransformation; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Haplorhini; Humans; Kinetics; Male; Microsomes, Liver/metabolism; Neoplasms, Experimental/chemically induced*; Rats; Species Specificity