Title: Decline of the hemoglobin adduct of 4-aminobiphenyl during withdrawal from smoking.
Authors: Maclure, M; Bryant, M S; Skipper, P L; Tannenbaum, S R
Published In Cancer Res, (1990 Jan 1)
Abstract: The hemoglobin adduct of the human bladder carcinogen 4-aminobiphenyl (4ABP-Hb) declined in the blood of 34 smokers enrolled in a withdrawal program, from a mean of 120 +/- 7 (SE) pg/g of hemoglobin at the start to a mean of 82 +/- 6 pg/g after 3 weeks and a mean of 34 +/- 5 pg/g among the 15 exsmokers who had not resumed smoking after 2 months. Although 4ABP-Hb declined faster than expected under the assumption that the human erythrocyte has a life span of 120 days, it persisted much longer than cotinine. Therefore, 4ABP-Hb may complement the use of cotinine as a marker of exposure to tobacco smoke. The strength of the within-person association of 4ABP-Hb with smoking, coupled with the weakness of the between-person association (correlation coefficient, 0.33), is evidence that between-person variation in modifying factors is substantial. Study of the modifiers of 4ABP-Hb levels may help elucidate the etiology of human susceptibility to aromatic amine-induced bladder cancer.
PubMed ID: 2293553
MeSH Terms: Adult; Aged; Biological Markers/blood*; Cotinine/blood; Female; Hemoglobins/analysis*; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Smoking/blood*; Time Factors