Title: Human nasal epithelium: characterization and effects of in vitro exposure to sulfur dioxide.
Authors: McManus, M S; Altman, L C; Koenig, J Q; Luchtel, D L; Covert, D S; Virant, F S; Baker, C
Published In Exp Lung Res, (1989 Dec)
Abstract: Human nasal turbinate tissue from surgical specimens was dissected free of connective tissue, and primary epithelial cultures were established by explant techniques. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that cultured cells retained homogeneous cytoplasmic granules, tonofilaments, and desmosomes and formed a homogeneous monolayer. The epithelial cells stained positively with cytokeratin antibodies AE1, AE3, and 35BH11 but failed to stain with two other cytokeratin antibodies, AE2 and 34BE12. Staining was also positive with anti-desmoplakin I and II but negative with antivimentin (43BE8), anti-desmin, and anti-human factor VIII antibodies. Cultured cells were exposed to filtered air or sulfur dioxide at 1-5 ppm for 30-60 min. Although there was no increase in cell lysis as measured by chromium-51 release, SO2 exposure significantly inhibited [3H]leucine incorporation compared to air exposure. This effect was dependent on both SO2 concentration and exposure duration. Control experiments revealed that these SO2 effects were not caused by the [H+] load produced by SO2 exposure. Electron microscopy of cells exposed to air or SO2 did not show any significant morphological differences.
PubMed ID: 2693085
MeSH Terms: Adolescent; Adult; Air Pollutants/toxicity; Cells, Cultured; Detergents; Female; Humans; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Leucine/metabolism; Male; Microscopy, Phase-Contrast; Middle Aged; Nasal Mucosa/cytology; Nasal Mucosa/drug effects*; Nasal Mucosa/ultrastructure; Octoxynol; Polyethylene Glycols; Sulfur Dioxide/toxicity*