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Principal Investigator: Zheng, Wei
Institute Receiving Award Purdue University
Location West Lafayette, IN
Grant Number R01ES027078
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 15 Aug 2017 to 31 Jul 2023
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Abstract:   Accumulation of beta‐amyloid (Aβ) in brain extracellular parenchyma and fluid is the key event in the amyloid cascade leading to neuronal cell damage in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The blood‐brain barrier (BBB) between the blood and brain interstitial fluid and the blood-CSF barrier (BCB) between the blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) play an important role in maintaining the homeostasis of AΒ in brain extracellular milieu. Since the brain barrier systems are the known targets of Pb toxicity, it is quite possible that Pb toxicity on brain barriers may affect the critical processes in brain barrier systems that regulate AΒ transport and metabolism. Thus, the central hypothesis to be tested in this study is that exposure to Pb damages the brain barrier systems, which compromises the clearance and eventually increases the leakage of AΒ at the BBB and BCB, facilitates the physiochemical reactions between AΒ and Pb ions, ultimately leading to an increased formation of amyloid plaques in both brains and blood vessels. To test this hypothesis, we have designed three sets of specific aims. In aim 1, we will use the state‐of‐the‐art dynamic contrast‐ enhanced computed tomography (DCE‐CT) to quantify the real‐time brain regional blood flow, blood volume, and BBB permeability before and after Pb exposure in Tg‐APP mice which overexpress AΒ and have the detectable amyloid plaques in brain as well as WT mice. We will also characterize the shift of fibril AΒ deposits from the brain's capillary vessels to its parenchyma as a result of Pb exposure in a dose‐time dependent fashion. We will focus on expressions of two transporters, RAGE and LRP‐1, in the BBB treated with Pb. The experiments in Aim 2 will focus on the role of two AΒ transporters, i.e., lipoprotein receptor protein‐1 (LRP1) and advanced glycation end products (RAGE) in mediating AΒ transport by mainly the BCB, and how Pb exposure may affect the direction of AΒ transport across the BCB. Finally, in Aim 3, we will use synchrotron X‐ray fluorescence (XRF) imaging technique coupled with immunohistochemistry to co‐ localize Pb with amyloidal aggregates and K X‐ray fluorescence (KXRF) technique quantify real‐time Pb concentrations in bone (PbBn) and to establish the association between PbBn and amyloid aggregation in brain and blood vessels after Pb exposure at different doses and time. These studies will establish a novel concept that the brain barriers play a key role in regulating Pb‐induced brain AΒ oligomers and plaques as well as in blood vessels. We will also establish the relationship between Pb exposure and permeability changes of brain barriers to AΒ fluxes and provide clues as to whether chronic Pb exposure and changes in cerebral vascular permeability contribute to AD pathogenesis and development. The research will help develop the novel strategies for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of AD.    PHS 398/2590 (Rev. 06/09) Page 1 Continuation Format Page
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 63 - Neurodegenerative
Secondary: -
Publications See publications associated with this Grant.
Program Officer Jonathan Hollander
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