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Your Environment. Your Health.


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Principal Investigator: Salminen, Lauren E.
Institute Receiving Award University Of Southern California
Location Los Angeles, CA
Grant Number R01ES033961
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 06 Sep 2022 to 30 Jun 2027
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): PROJECT ABSTRACT Exposure to outdoor air pollution (AP) is a risk factor for “accelerated” aging and Alzheimer’s disease, but very few studies have used neuroimaging to define the mechanistic underpinnings of these relationships. Existing studies are further limited by the confluence of biopsychosocial factors that have been shown to modify systemic health consequences of air pollution but have not been modeled in studies of the brain. Finally, the lack of geospatial diversity in existing studies of air pollution and aging brain health raises numerous questions about the generalizability of existing neuroimaging findings that predominantly come from high-income countries with “low” annual levels of exposure. This proposal is designed to address these challenges and limitations through a new environmental working group within the ENIGMA consortium – ENIGMA-Environment – consisting of 46 individual cohorts from 21 countries. In this proposal we leverage unprecedented geospatial diversity to 1. Identify and characterize adverse effects of NO2, PM2.5 mass, and PM2.5 components on structural and diffusion MRI metrics in older adults, 2) Define and explain interactions between NO2, PM2.5, and BPS factors that underlie neurodegeneration in older adults, and 3) Determine the impact of NO2 and PM2.5 on gray and white matter trajectories across the lifespan. Outcomes will provide the first translatable model of AP neurotoxicity in the context of BPS variables, providing a transformative framework for enhanced detection of individuals at risk for “accelerated” brain aging and AD.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 63 - Neurodegenerative
Secondary: 03 - Carcinogenesis/Cell Transformation
Publications No publications associated with this grant
Program Officer Kimberly Gray
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