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Principal Investigator: Tropsha, Alexander
Institute Receiving Award Predictive, Llc
Location Chapel Hill, NC
Grant Number R41ES033857
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 20 Dec 2021 to 30 Nov 2023
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Chemical safety assessment is typically conducted for individual chemicals. However, industrial chemicals rarely act in isolation to produce adverse effects, so mixture toxicity assessment represents a complex but more realistic approach to alleviating environmental chemical safety concerns. There is an exciting and highly impactful challenge to develop innovative approaches employing modern AI algorithms to provide accurate toxicity prediction of mixtures from their chemical composition, including the assessment of synergistic effects. We recently formed Predictive, LLC, to enable the development and distribution of commercial and regulatory strength models to predict important toxicity endpoints. In this Phase I STTR application, we propose to establish a novel web based PreMixT (Predictor of Mixture Toxicity) toolkit built on best practices for (i) data collection, cleaning, harmonization, and integration, (ii) model development using current and emerging AI approaches and thoughtful strategies of prospective validation of mixture models, and (iii) prediction of specific endpoint toxicities for both pure chemicals and mixtures. We will achieve this objective by focusing on the following Specific Aims. Specific Aim 1: Collect, curate, and integrate the largest publicly available mixture toxicity datasets. We will explore all the publicly accessible data on mixture toxicity. Initial datasets will include acute oral toxicity, acute inhalation toxicity, acute dermal toxicity, skin sensitization, skin irritation and corrosion, and eye irritation and corrosion endpoints (collectively known as "6-pack") as well as pesticides. We will also collect and curate datasets of untested chemicals and mixtures of the environmental concern with known composition such as High Production Volume (HPV) chemicals and registered substances in the REACH database. The data will be (re)structured, harmonized, and prepared for cheminformatics analysis following custom procedures. Specific Aim 2: Develop AI Models of mixture toxicity. Using data prepared in Aim 1, we will develop rigorously validated models of several selected endpoint mixture toxicities of relevance to environmental health risk assessment. We will employ two types of mixture-specific descriptors: Simplex Representation of Molecular Structure (SiRMS) and mixture graph convolution descriptors. Modeling approaches will include both common (e.g., Random Forest) as well as innovative Graph Convolutional Networks (GCN) approaches. Specific Aim 3. Develop the PreMixT toolkit and portal supporting the toxicity prediction of chemicals and their mixtures. We will integrate curated data and validated models into the PreMixT web application. This PreMixT server will be able to predict mixture toxicity, including possible synergy of mixture components, based on the knowledge of chemicals found and characterized in the mixture. Successful completion of our Phase I studies will result in the development of the PreMixT web application as a centralized resource to evaluate mixture toxicity, including the synergy between mixture components.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 75 - Computational Biology/Computational Methods for Exposure Assessment
Secondary: 03 - Carcinogenesis/Cell Transformation
Publications No publications associated with this grant
Program Officer Lingamanaidu Ravichandran
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